Book Title: History of Critical Care Medicine (2023 = 70th anniversary), An Issue of Critical Care Clinics, 1st Edition
Book Editor: Hannah Wunsch, MD MSc
Publisher: Elsevier, 2023, ISBN: 9780323940115
Chapter Title: Four Decades of Intensive Care Unit Design Evolution and Thoughts for the Future
Chapter Authors: Neil A. Halpern, Elizabeth Scurth, Michelle Rausen, and Diana C. Anderson
Abstract: Intensive care unit (ICU) design has changed since the mid-1980s. Targeting timing and incorporation of the dynamic and evolutionary processes inherent in ICU design is not possible nationally. ICU design will continue evolving to incorporate new concepts of best design evidence and practice, better understandings of the needs of patients, visitors and staff, unremitting advances in diagnostic and therapeutic approaches, ICU technologies and informatics, and the ongoing search to best fit ICUs within greater hospital complexes. As the ideal ICU remains a moving target; the design process should include the ability for an ICU to evolve into the future.
Keywords: Critical care unit; Design; Evolution; Future-proofing; Informatics; Intensive care unit
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